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Kamis, 27 Desember 2012

Contoh news Item text

Menyambung pelajaran sebelumnya dari situs utama  cara mudah belajar bahasa Inggris, yang sebelumnya disana sudah dijelaskan mengenai pengertian, ciri ciri dan lain lain. Berikut ini hanyalah contoh dari news item text.


Contoh News Item Text 1 :
Town ‘Contaminated
Newsworthy
Events Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.

Background Events

Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock. The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refit SMA Students’ Modul of English 24 had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.

Sources
A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

Contoh News Item Text 2 :


Malaysian Women Suggested to Carry Condoms

Malaysian Deputy Health Ministry urged every woman to carry a condom to protect against HIV, a news report said. “This is not to debate them but to protect them. Women are the first ones to get exploited by their partners (whom are infected by HIV-positive)” Abdul Latiff Ahmad was quoted as saying by Sunday Star Newspaper. “But this just a suggestion, it’s up to them”. Abdul latiff made remark to coincide with the International Aids Memorial day, which was celebrated openly for the first time in Malaysia, in id to reduce stigma for HIV-victim. In the past the event was held behind closed door.

Last year, 745 Malaysian women were identified as HIV-positive and 193 were diagnosed with AIDS, he said in the report. Officials have said nearly 81000 Malaysian have been infected with HIV, less then 10 percent are woman, but the number is steadily rising.

Malaysian Aids Council president, Adeebah Kamarulzaman, was quoted as saying besides sex workers, many women who contract HIV are housewives, were infected unknowingly by their husbands. “It’s not that people don’t know that condoms can protect them. But there are some men who don’t care to take precaution, even though they know they have HIV” she said.
·         Generic Structure of News Item Text
Dari contoh di atas, akhirnya kita tahu bahwa Generic Sturcture News Item Text terdiri dari tiga bagian, yaitu : 
Newsworthy Event :
Perhatikanlah paragraph awal dari contoh di atas. Paragraph 1 disebut Newsworthy Event. Newsworthy event ialah paragraph yang memperkenalkan latar belakang terjadinya sesuatu serta dimana sesuatu tersebut bermula. Lebih bersivat pendahulan. Tentuny, sebelum beranjak ke bagian inti, penulis harus memperkenalkan kepada pembaca mengenai situasi-situasi pendukung yang kejadian tersebut. (meliputi waktu, pelaku serta kejadiannya). 

Elaboration : 
Setelah mengetahui sekilas tentang kejadian yang menjadi pokok pembicaraan, pembaca akan dibawa ke dalam beberapa situasi yang biasanya menjadi supporting idea dari kejadian inti. Supporting idea ini dikemas dalam paragraph setelah newsworthy event yang disebut elaboration. Elaboration juga bisa berupa penyebab-penyebab dari kejadian utama.

Source
 :
Source merupakan kekhasan News Item Text yang tidak dimiliki genre teks lainnya. Karena News Item adalah teks berita, maka, perlu adanya sumber, baik berupa ahli, catatan para ahli maupun riset yang dilakukan oleh para ahli. Yang jelas sumber-sumber yang terkait harus memenuhi standarisasi pewartaan berita.

Untuk mempelajari lebih jauh tentang news item, silahkan anda lihat disini => Cara mudah belajar bahasa Inggris.



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